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bee balm varieties

Individual leaf measures about 3 to 6 inches long (1) and 2 inches across. Monarda, commonly called bee balm or bergamot, is also known by the names oswego tea and horsemint.Bergarnot is native to North America and was used to make an infusion by the Oswego Indians, hence the name ‘Oswego tea’. Monarda fistulosa ‘Claire Grace’, otherwise called Monarda ‘Claire Grace’ or Claire Grace bee balm is a herbaceous perennial that grows about 3 to 4 ft and spreads about 2 to 3 ft at full maturity. Seaside bee balm produces white blooms and blooms for at least 4 weeks in late spring and attracts a stream of butterflies and hummingbirds and other beneficial pollinators to the garden. The most common disease problem associated with bee balms is a fungal disease called powdery mildew. Avoid over-application of fertilizers as much as possible. It spreads up to 2 ft. The most popular ones are listed below and explained in detail with their ideal growing conditions. They are one of the best flowers to plant in your garden. It has countless of cultivars available, but the most popular ones fall under the Monarda didyma. It is best to plant bee balms under full sun with adequate spacing (4). However, the most popular ones are wild bergamots (Monarda fistulosa) and jacob clines (Monarda didyma). The hummers love it. Bee Balm is an excellent bee-friendly perennial flower in the mint family. Growing Bee Balms in the Home Garden | Horticulture and Home Pest News. However, the flowers are not the only plant part that makes this cultivar attractive. Plan the perfect garden with our interactive tool →, Alternative Nature Online Herbal: Bee Balm, Wild Bergamot, Iowa State University Extension--Horticulture & Home Pest News: Growing Bee Balms in the Home Garden, Old Fashioned Living: Growing and Using Bee Balm, Herbal Musings: Monarda, Bergamot, Bee Balm--Recipes. A garden full of colors sure does wonders! Varieties of the Lemon Balm Plant. Hummingbirds flock to its pale lavender flowers. There are over 15 species and over 50 different cultivars of bee balm that grow both wild and in gardens. A compact variety, Grand Marshall bee balms grow about 1.5 ft in height and spread up to more or less 2 ft. Like other top performer bee balm cultivars, the Grand Marshall offers high resistance to powdery mildew. Because of this importance, bee balms often symbolize good health and protection against illnesses. Then check out our article on perennial plants and flowers for more information about flowers similar to bee balms. In fact, it gained the Royal Horticultural Society’s (RHS) Award of Garden Merit (AGM). Bee balm stems are square (four-angled) and feature small, soft hairs. One of his books is the first medicinal flora of North America, which was translated in 1577 from its original title Joyfull Newes Out of the Newe Founde Worlde. When sited properly and given good care, bee balm is a wonderful, easy-to-grow perennial for the home landscape. The scented leaves are toothed, oblong, and grayish-green. Known commonly as "spotted horsemint," Monarda punctata was used in treating colds during the early days of European settlement in North America. The ‘Jacob Cline’ variety is one of the best known red bee balms. It doesn’t spread by root runners in the same way that mint does. The leaves are fragrant, shiny, and dark green. Bee balms do not require regular fertilization. There are many different varieties of the lemon balm plant. It may be grown as an annual or as a short-lived perennial in any zone. Most Bee balm plant varieties are perennials and will grow on average to well-drained soil in full sun. Bee balm, or Monarda didyma, and other monardas lure herb gardeners as surely as they lure bees. Also known as Monarda or Bergamot, Bee Balm is an aromatic herb native to eastern North America. Common names include bee balm, horsemint, oswego tea, the latter inspired by the fragrance of the leaves, which is reminiscent of bergamot orange (Citrus bergamia). They’re also delightful for container gardening. Bee Balm is perennial in zones 4 to 9 and can take partial shade. When working in the garden, they often trail a friend or neighbor, sharing volumes of knowledge. A single, dense, and globular flowerhead is formed at the end of the stems or axils. Varieties native to California are Monarda pectinata Nutt. Large clumps must be divided every 2 to 3 years in early spring to keep their optimum performance (5). It is best grown in full sun, but can tolerate some shade. Divide the clumps into sections of 2 to 3 shoots with a good root system, then replant promptly (4). The leaves are slender, serrated, and arrange parallel to each other, usually with very few hairs. Blooming for weeks from mid to late summer, they rest upon a whorl of decorative bracts and attract scores of butterflies and hummingbirds. Some varieties require staking, but most do not. Compiled below are some of the best bee balms for ornamental use. ‘Claire Grace’ bee balms bloom in early summer to early fall. Monarda pringlei is immune to powdery mildew. Annual, all zones; can be grown as a short-lived perennial in mild-winter regions (zones 8 to 11). Bee balm flowers usually come in either red or purple (2), but some varieties produce other colors such as golden yellow, pink, and white. The plant shares a rich history in traditional medicine. Bee balm can tolerate some drought, but prefers moist soil. It grows to between 2.5 and 3 feet tall, a good height for planting in borders. Of the dozen or so identified bee balm species, the following five and their varieties are the most useful for gardeners. They are non-toxic and edible, with a medium growth rate and a clumping type of growth habit (1). (2020). Water regularly once or twice a week during hot spells. One of the most important things to know about bee balm is that they are vigorous plants. Bee balm grows in a clump with 3-f… One of the most common insect pests of bee balms is stalk borers. Copyright Leaf Group Ltd. // Leaf Group Lifestyle. The blooms may not last as long as Echinacea, they will generally look good for at least a week or more. Remove spent flower heads to lengthen the blooming period (4). Bee Balm was used as a healing plant by Native Americans who recognized four varieties that had different odors. Monarda fistulosa is often called "wild bergamot," though it should not be confused with true bergamot. This clump-forming perennial is known as one of the top performer varieties of bee balm plants. Each flower head is about 3 to 4 inches in size with leaf-like bracts underneath. The common name bee balm is a reference to one of the many uses of this famed plant. There are also dwarf varieties that will only grow about 15-18” tall and spread about 2’. Monarda citriodora is an annual species known as lemon bee balm due to its citrus scent. This M. didyma variety is another powdery mildew-resistant bee balm. It grows in clumps and reaches 3 to 4 ft in height and spreads up to 2 ft. Generally, bee balms are easy to grow as long as proper planting conditions and care are given. Bee Balm, Bergamot, Horsemint (Monarda) One of the showiest summer-blooming perennials, Monarda (Bee Balm) has very distinctive, brightly colored flower-heads that create captivating border displays and provide a great impact when used in mass plantings. Bee balms are perennials that make an excellent addition to pollinator gardens since they attract plant pollinators like bees, butterflies, and hummingbirds. The flowers bloom in early to mid-summer, which lasts up to 8 weeks. Bee balms have a distinct aroma that quickly reminds anyone of the citrus scent of bergamot fruits (Citrus bergamia), hence the common name wild bergamot. Bee balm, a member of the mint family, is edible, and tea made from its leaves is a good source of antioxidants. Symptoms include grayish white patches of powder on the upper surfaces of the leaves. Named varieties of this dwarf bee balm include pink "Petite Wonder" and rose-pink "Petite Delight." Aside from choosing varieties that are resistant to powdery mildew, doing proper cultural practices is the next best option to reduce the severity of disease infection. Bee balms are ideal as border plants in gardens. Deadheading prolongs flowering. The flowers have a tubular shape and are symmetrical, with a wider lower lip. As the name suggests, their presence will summon bees to your garden, along with other nectar seekers, such as butterflies and hummingbirds. It typically takes 7 to 21 days for the seeds of this cultivar to germinate. perennial attracts butterflies, bees, and hummingbirds, symbolism and meaning of bee balm flowers, https://plants.ces.ncsu.edu/plants/monarda-didyma/, https://plants.usda.gov/java/ClassificationServlet?source=display&classid=MONAR, https://hortnews.extension.iastate.edu/2006/4-5/beebalm.html, https://plants.usda.gov/plantguide/pdf/cs_mofi.pdf, https://plants.usda.gov/plantguide/pdf/pg_modi.pdf, Queen of the Night Flower (Epiphyllum oxypetalum): How To Grow and Care, Chrysanthemum Flower: Types, How To Grow and Care, Lupine Flower (Lupinus): Types, How To Grow and Care, Edelweiss Flowers (Leontopodium alpinum): How to Grow and Care. It was introduced by the Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada Research Station through its breeding program in Morden, Manitoba. The resin helps soothe bee stings (1). Often overlooked, this impressive member of the mint family offers versatility in any perennial garden. It was once used by Native American people for cold and flu relief. Other powdery mildew resistant bee balm varieties include ‘ Marshall’s Delight ’ (bright pink), ‘ Jacob Cline ’ (deep red), and ‘ Raspberry Wine ’ (dark red). Plants.ces.ncsu.edu. Bee balm flowers usually come in either red or purple (2), but some varieties produce other colors such as golden yellow, pink, and white. It grows to between 2.5 and 3 feet tall, a good height for planting in borders. Perhaps the most popular bee balm cultivar that boasts the brightest pink flowers possible is the Monarda ‘Petite Delight’. A less showy species, Monarda fistulosa blooms lavender-pink late in the summer. The division of large clumps should be made every 2 to 3 years to avoid overcrowding and poor air circulation between plants. I started looking it up and realized that the correct name for it was Bergamot or Monarda fistulous which is the wild variety. 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